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1388/08/10

علائم فونتیک

نویسنده: mehdi ajalli   

در بیشتر دیکشنریهای امروزی برای نشان دادن تلفظ کلمات از سیستم IPA استفاده می‌شود. در جدول زیر همه علائم و نشانه‌های IPA آورده شده است. به علامت‌ها و کلمه‌های نمونه دقت کنید و با کلیک روی Amer (انگلیسی آمریکایی) یا Brit (انگلیسی بریتانیایی) تلفظ آنها را بشنوید (با فرمت mp3). تلفظ بریتانیایی نیز آنجا که با تلفظ آمریکایی تفاوت آشکاری دارد، آورده شده است.

حروف همخوان (بی‌صدا)

 IPA

words
b bad, lab
d did, lady
f find, if
g give, flag
how, hello
j yes, yellow
k cat, back
l leg, little
m man, lemon
n no, ten
sing, finger
p pet, map
r red, try
s sun, miss
S she, crash
t tea, getting
tS check, church
think, both
TH this, mother
v voice, five
wet, window
z zoo, lazy
Z pleasure, vision
dZ just, large

حروف واکه (صدا‌دار)

 IPA

words
^ cup, luck
a: arm, father
@ cat, black
e met, bed
.. away, cinema
e:(r) turn, learn
i hit, sitting
i: see, heat
o hot, rock
o: call, four
u put, could
u: blue, food
ai five, eye
au now, out
ou go, home
e..(r) where, air
ei say, eight
i..(r) near, here
oi boy, join
u..(r) pure, tourist

 

 

1- در (r):e و (r).. و ... ، r در انگلیسی بریتانیایی تلفظ نمی‌شود، مگر اینکه قبل از یک حرف واکه (صدادار) بیاید (مثلاً در answering و answer it). اما در انگلیسی آمریکاییr همیشه تلفظ می‌شود.

2- در انگلیسی آمریکایی :a بجای o تلفظ می‌شود.

3- بسیاری از آمریکایی‌ها :a (o) و :o را به یک شکل تلفظ می‌کنند.

 

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